It seems that currently in Italy only 600 thousand people work as ICT professional. A disappointing fact if we think at the European averages, which place us at the bottom of the rankings. However the job vacancies posted on the web detected by WollyBi tell us the opposite, namely that the demand for these figures is grown of 45% compared to 2014. What does this mismatching depend on?
The scenario of ICT and the digital skills
The current economic and social change is driven by technological innovation and digitalisation that increasingly pervades everyday worklife and more. In particular, this innovation is helping companies to speed up processes, increase flexibility and work efficiency.
Precisely for this reason today there is an increase in the demand for digital skills in non-ICT professions, as highlighted by the 2018 Digital Competence Observatory, to which Tabulaex – WollyBi has collaborated.
But what happens to the occupations that properly belong within the ICT?
The search for ICT skills in Italy
According to Laborstat, in its July report “Companies that hire ICT specialists. The job application for digital professions”, Italy still seems to be far behind the other European countries in the search for ICT professionals. In 2017, 33 thousand companies have hired these profiles, equal to 2.9% of the total number of companies that hired new staff.
Between 2012 and 2016, there are no particular changes for this profile: the maximum peak is in 2015 with 3.3%.
Concerning the geographical concentration, Lombardy is the first region by number of assumptions of ICT figures. Lazio and Piedmont follow, while the South regions remain in the last places.
However, the Wollybi data show a different scenario. According to our extraction, in the same period analyzed by Laborstat the vacancies posted on the web by companies looking for ICT specialists were more than 66 thousand, an increase compared to 2014 of 45%. Moreover, only in the first half of 2018, the posted vacancies are already 35.000.
The ICT specialist: searching for the unicorn that does not exist
What do these numbers tell us? If, on the one hand, according to the research of Laborstat, the companies hire few ICT profiles, on the other side WollyBi highlights an increase in online job vacancies for these professions. In fact, someone wants them.
What happens during the process that block a successful recruitment?
Two possible scenarios are worthy to be considered. The first concerns the objective difficulty of companies in hiring new staff. Perhaps the regulatory and tax framework does not help in hiring, so even if there is the awareness of the need for an ICT professional in their staff, at the time of the finalization of the contract the companies give up.
A second hypothesis could instead be related to what we named the Unicorn Research: the amount of skills that companies expect to find into a single figure are often too many and too specific. It is therefore impossible for them to merge them into one person. The ICT specialist is thus transformed into a rare animal, very difficult to find, but that everyone wants for the skills that they believe he has. Therefore, job vacancies are more and more, but in fact the research never becomes an assumption … because this super-technological professional figure still does not exist.